Research Questions

Last updated: 12/07/2019

  • How does Rabe characterize the activities of the International Safety Zone and his own role as chairman?
  • How does Rabe evaluate the activities and behaviour of the Japanese and the Chinese in Nanjing?
  • How do Rabe’s accounts differ from those by other foreigners, by Chinese, and by Japanese who were in Nanjing in 1937/38? How do we account for these differences?
  • How did Rabe reflect upon his time in China after his return to Germany in 1938?
  • How and why do the two versions of the diaries differ?

Testifying and Contesting War Experiences in China and Japan